官方咨询热线:0531-86010342

济南朗阁培训 济南雅思培训辅导 济南托福培训辅导

位置:首页济南朗阁培训 > 雅思培训 > 雅思冲刺技巧 > 雅思写作培训 >

雅思大作文得分攻略(上)

时间:2020-12-12 16:13  作者:济南朗阁  来源:济南朗阁  

摘要:雅思大作文主体段落决定了该题目的分数,相比,各大烤鸭也了解,大作文主体段落扩展有很多方法,比如列举法、举例法、对比法、因果法、让步法、定义法、类比法等,但是在实际运用的时候很多考生的局限性很强,从而限制了分数的进一步提高.在接下来的章节里,朗阁海外

    雅思大作文主体段落决定了该题目的分数,相比,各大烤鸭也了解,大作文主体段落扩展有很多方法比如列举法举例法对比法因果法让步法定义法类比法等但是在实际运用的时候很多考生的局限性很强,从而限制了分数的进一步提高。在接下来的章节里,朗阁海外考试研究中心写作组的专家将会系统地总结目前雅思大作文主体段的主要扩展方式及各自的侧重点

 

一、举例法

举例法主要用于通过摆事实引用数据等对论点加以说明从而增加论证的说服力同时也是增加段落字数的一种简单的方法目前的大作文若一个例子都不举的话是很难得到高分的,而且单纯的说理会使得文章显得很,举例子既是一种知识面的展示,更是写作功底的体现。我们在使用举例法时常用的连接词有for example, for instance, such as, namely, take something for example, etc, 有时候我们还可以用一些句子来拖例子比如This is true given the example of … ; 还能用一些副词来接续后面的例子比如indeed, today, nowadays…等。但是目前比较主流的举例子是用宾语从句引导,比如A recent survey shows that…。以下我们来剖析一下举例法的实际应用。

 

1.    Secondly, air transport is the biggest environment killer. A recent survey conducted by Chicago University shows that the plane air pollution is at least three times as the vehicle. With the increase of greenhouse effect, shouldn’t we improve our environment protection concept?

 

2.    Firstly, the traffic jam caused by the increasing number of cars is a nightmare for all drivers. A recent survey reveals that Beijing citizens spend averagely about 65 minutes on road every day. Billions of dollars are being wasted on the road in many big cities all over the world, such as London, New York, Paris and Tokyo, but we could do nothing to change it till now.

在这2个主体段的片段中,作者用宾语从句来引导例子,尤其在第一个例子中他还增加了调查问卷的来源,从而增加了一定的权威性和学术性。我们一般可以用一些高等学府,或者科研机构或权威杂志来作为这些研究调查问卷的来源。类似的用法我们还可以来看以下的例子:

 

The Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution says bits of the country, notably southeast England, are under pressure on waste and water use. But simply aiming to reduce population size will have little impact, it says. This is the final report from the 40-year-old commission, which is being abolished under spending cuts. It is two-year investigation looked at issues such as water supplies, waste, urban pollution and wildlife.

The report, Demographic Change and the Environment, concludes that increasing consumption, the concentration of population in areas that are ill-equipped to supply its needs, and the trend towards single-person households - which increases energy demand - all matter more than the simple size of the UK's population.

 

3.    This is sometimes true given the examples of many gifted athletes who failed to win the finals, such as the football team of the Netherlands which was always regarded as the expected winner of the World Cup but often disappointed the world in the end. Lack team spirit and cohesion lead to the frequent failure of their games.

在这个段落中,我们使用的这个主系表结构引导举例,这个句子的使用规则是将表语作为先行词,然后引导一个定语从句。

 

4.    However, there are significant social, economic, and environmental drawbacks gained by purchasing imported food products. Examples of proposed environmental downsides include increased packaging, increased impact of transportation, higher livestock densities, etc.

在这个段落中,我们使用的举例子结构是前一个结构的缩写形式,直接引导一个主谓宾的简单句,对于快速成文也是很有帮助的。

 

 

5.    In many places, cultural traditions are destroyed because they are being commercialized for profits. For example, the moment a tourist sets foot on a place of attraction, he is always first welcomed by a crowd of peddlers selling souvenirs that are always fake and overpriced.

 

6.    Furthermore, mass tourism is inevitably damaging the local environment. Take ` wild tourism` as an example, it has resulted in such many serious problems as rivers   or lakes being polluted, trees being cut down and animals lost their habitats and went extinct, etc.

一般我们在使用举例法的时候,都是用主谓宾或者主系表的简单句作为基本的引导句型,然后根据后续是否还可以导出一个结论,灵活搭配定语从句或者是分词结构来扩展。

 

7.    The mushroomed fast foods have very negative effects on societies. Since hundred years ago, the traditional foods have become one of the most important symbols of a culture. As we mentioning some countries, we can associate them with their famous foods, Peking duck of China, Sashimi of Japan, and Rome Pizza of Italy. But the international fast foods are occupying every corner of the whole world nowadays. In the near future, we can tell that all cultures will have a same famous food – McDonald’s. Such a normal kind of food is actually a culture aggression of most countries.

我们在举例子时,还可以用表示时间的连词来引导例子,而不需要很机械式的用for instance之类的标准式的举例连词。

 

8.    The UK needs to consume less and share people around the country more equally in order to tackle its environmental problems, a report recommends.

 

9.    Academic subjects, such as reading and writing, play a vital role in the education system.

在这个句子里such as是部分举例倘若遇到全部举例时只需将连接词换成namely即可。

 

二、因果论述法

因果法其实分为2个层面一是先因后果二是先果后因2者皆属于因果法此法也是所有论述手法中最主要的一种也几乎是每篇文章必然会使用的方法。朗阁海外考试研究中心总结了一些因果法常用的连接词如下therefore, as a result, as a consequence, consequently, because of this, hence, thus, thereby, for this reason, result in, lead to, the cause of, the reason for, as a result of, owing to, due to, because, since, as, result from, boil down to, attribute to因果法尤其在分析解决型大作文中是主要的段落论述手法

 

1.    However, others who claim that users should pay for the cost find their origins in economics. For a variety of different reasons, many people buy larger cars than they need for daily purposes or waste fuel by driving aggressively, which results in both the increasing load of the road and the environmental pollution. If the users are charged to pay for the road geared to the size of the car they use, they might become wise to buy more environmentally friendly cars or choose public transport. Additionally, users might have the right to involve in designing roads in a more pragmatic way as a result of paying for the fees. That way, the financial burden of the government will be eased.

 

2.    Many instances of juvenile delinquency have been attributed to the violent or pornographic content of some TV shows and video games. Now we are confronted with a proliferation of blood and nudity on TV, the computer and the Internet. As a consequence, many youngsters, especially boys, get addicted to such scenes. The increase of juvenile crime rate is symbiotically connected with the rise of adult crime rate in society. For instance, many youths are tempted by evil adults into committing crimes and others who are victims of adult offenses become criminals themselves because of their revenge on society.

在第2个段落中作者充分利用了因果法的技巧从导致青少年犯罪的间接原因最后得出直接原因这种因果内的原因切换的技巧在分析解决型文章里是非常实用并且高效的

相关新闻 更多推荐

利用雅思阅读写雅思写作,划算! 今日朗阁:雅思写作不会写没关系,分数低没关系,慢慢从雅思阅读中积累经验,就好了。... 得分者必读:雅思写作秘诀 在雅思考试的四大评分标准中,除了TASKACHIEVEMENT一项着重考察文章的内容和论证能力外,其余三项都着重考察考生的英文表达能力.其... 雅思子写作其中得分句式表达 朗阁雅思培训学校为方便雅思考生考试,特为考生们整理出七种雅思写作表达句式,其中涉及到了表示原因、坏处、现状等常见的雅思写作... 雅思大作文得分攻略(上) 雅思大作文主体段落决定了该题目的分数,相比,各大烤鸭也了解,大作文主体段落扩展有很多方法,比如列举法、举例法、对比法、因果法... 雅思大作文攻略(下) 在上一章节中我们已经系统介绍了举例法和因果法的使用要领,在接下来的章节中,朗阁海外考试研究中心写作组的专家将和大家继续探讨... 雅思得分,审题第一步 朗阁济南雅思培训学校的专家在对考生的分数调查中发现,经常会出现一些"偏科"的学生,往往听力或者阅读能得9分,写作却突破不了7分.... 雅思写作如何拿分 熟悉雅思考试的同学一般都清楚,雅思写作部分有2篇作文,要求考生在一小时内完成至少400字的写作任务.时间短,任务重,不少考生因未... 雅思写作技巧:关联词的妙用 众所周知,关联词连接着前后两个句子,让文章更加完整和通顺.在雅思写作考试中,关联词更是起着至关重要的作用.熟悉这些常用的关联...

立即获取

稍后会有专业老师给您回电,请保持
电话畅通

关注我们