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雅思阅读填空题制胜法则(上篇)

时间:2016-03-29 11:31  作者:济南朗阁  来源:济南朗阁  

摘要:在雅思阅读中,填空题是除了基础题型是非无以外最简单的题型,它的难度甚至也低于对中国学生来说非常熟悉的选择题。雅思阅读整体来说技巧性比较强,很多时候即使没法完全看懂原文或者答案单词,也能把正确单词找出来,但这需要很大的技巧性。接下来,我们就来

  在雅思阅读中,填空题是除了基础题型是非无以外最简单的题型,它的难度甚至也低于对中国学生来说非常熟悉的选择题。雅思阅读整体来说技巧性比较强,很多时候即使没法完全看懂原文或者答案单词,也能把正确单词找出来,但这需要很大的技巧性。接下来,我们就来看看雅思阅读填空题的技巧性在哪里~

  一、雅思阅读填空题常见题型

  1.Summary

  即用一段或几段的内容总结文章中某一段、某几段或者整篇文章的主要内容。Summary中有几个空出的单词需要大家补充完整。其中前两种情况(一段或几段)考察较多,后一种情况(全篇)考察较少。Summary本身又分为两种考察形式,第一种是需要雅思考生用原文原词填空,如:

  If you visit the Canadian Arctic, you immediately appreciate the problems faced by people for whom this is home. It would clearly be impossible for the people to engage in 33 as a means of supporting themselves. For thousands of years they have had to rely on catching 34 .......................... and 35 ........................ as a means of sustenance. The harsh surroundings saw many who tried to settle there pushed to their limits, although some were successful. The 36 ...........................people were an example of the latter and for them the environment did not prove unmanageable. For the present inhabitants, life continues to be a struggle. The territory of Nunavut consists of little more than ice, rock and a few 37 ........................... In recent years, many of them have been obliged to give up their 38 ........................ lifestyle, but they continue to depend mainly on 39 ......................... for their food and clothes. 40 ......................... produce is particularly expensive.

  另一种情况是给出选择项,雅思考生只需在选项中选择正确答案即可,不需要自己填单词,如:

  Modern cargo-handling methods have had a significant effect on 23 ........................... as the business of moving freight around the world becomes increasingly streamlined. Manufacturers of computers, for instance, are able to import 24 .......................... from overseas, rather than having to rely on a local supplier. The introduction of 25.......................... has meant that bulk cargo can be safely and efficiently moved over long distances. While international shipping is now efficient, there is still a need for governments to reduce 26 .......................... in order to free up the domestic cargo sector.

  A tariffs B components C container ships D output

  E employees F insurance costs G trade H freight

  I fares J software K international standards.

  一般认为第二种考察难度稍大。但实际做题方法与第一种类似,只需要雅思考生在雅思阅读原文中找到应该填的单词后,再在选项中找一个对应的就可以了。一般是非常简单的近义词的对应或者同一词根的不同词性。

  2.Sentence Completion

  完成句子。此雅思阅读题型相当于summary的简化,即雅思考生不需要补充段落,只需要补充完整一句话即可。所以解题方法也与summary基本类似。剑9, 剑10出现此题型较多,雅思考生应该多加重视。例题如下:

  (1) EPRI receives financial support from ......

  (2) The advantage of the technique being developed by Diels is that it can be used……

  (3) The main difficulty associated with using the laser equipment is related to its ......

  3.Diagram/Table Completion

  图表/表格填空。用图表,表格或者流程图的方式概括某处主要信息,雅思考生同样需要把其中的空格补充完整。这种题型是填空题中难度最低的一个,雅思阅读考试时如果考生没有时间做完整篇文章,可先将此题做完,因为它需要的解题时间少,并且取得高正确率比较容易。例题如下:

  Early methods of producing flat glass

Method Advantages Disadvantages
1 _______ •     Glass remained 2 ______ •     Slow
•     3 ______
Ribbon •     Could produce glass sheets of varing 4 ______
•     Non-stop process
•     Glass was 5 _______
•     20 of glass rubbed away
•     Machines were expensive

  二、雅思阅读填空题解题技巧

  文章开头提到雅思阅读填空题难度较低。如果雅思考生能掌握正确的解题技巧,很多时候在不认识单词的情况下也能找出答案来。下面我们从注意事项和解题方法两大方面来讲解此题型。

  1.注意题干中有无告知出题段落

  雅思阅读填空题的题干基本都是一样的,比如summary: Complete the summary below. / Complete the summary using the list of words A-I, below. 因此很多雅思考生做题时都不会再去读题干。但有时候题干中会给出出题段落,比如剑六Climate Change and the Inuit中,summary题干就标明了出处:Complete the summary of paragraphs C and D below. 这样大家可以直接去C, D两段寻找答案,节省了时间。所以做题前要快速浏览题干。

  以上是雅思阅读填空题答题技巧的一部分内容,更精彩的内容还在后面哦~想要彻底打败雅思阅读填空题就继续跟济南朗阁小编来看下篇吧~

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