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掌握逻辑关系词突破雅思阅读(下)

时间:2015-12-04 11:17  作者:济南朗阁  来源:济南朗阁  

摘要:朗阁海外考试研究中心的专家在多年的教学研究中发现,只要考生掌握句与句之间的逻辑关系,即使不认识考点词,也能够猜出雅思阅读题的答案。下面我们就来重点分析一下同学们容易忽略的逻辑关系词,包括忽略的原因以及逻辑关系词在雅思阅读中的分类和应用。

  在上一篇中,我们分析了同学们容易忽略逻辑关系词的原因以及部分逻辑关系词在雅思阅读中的分类和应用,下面我们继续来为大家分析逻辑关系词在雅思阅读中的分类和应用~

  4. 转折

  段落大意题:It was once assumed that improvements in telecommunications would lead to more dispersal in the population as people were no longer forced into cities. However, the ISTP team’s research demonstrates that... . The new world will largely depend on human creativity, and creativity flourishes where people come together face-to-face.(剑7 T2P1-Q5)

  这道雅思阅读题目很多同学因为第一句话出现improvements in telecommunications而误选“vi. the impact of telecommunications on population distribution”。第二句话有转折词however, 所以答案肯定不选vi, 正确选项是“iii. the benefits of working together in cities”, 对应原文最后一句话。

  完成句子填空:Day length is a useful cue for breeding in areas where _____ are unpredictable.(剑5 T4 P4-Q34)

  定位原文:Day length is an excellent cue, because it provides a perfectly predictable pattern of change within the year. In the temperate zone in spring, temperatures fluctuate greatly from day to day, but day length on increases steadily by a predictable amount.

  这道雅思阅读题很多同学会错选pattern, 原文but后面描述的是白天长度(day length)是可以预测的(predictable),前半句话的意思与此相反,表示temperatures是不可以预测的(fluctuate-波动),所以答案是temperatures。

  段落大意题:In spite of its importance to our emotional and sensory lives, smell is probably the most undervalued sense in many cultures. The reason often …(剑8 T2 P3-Q29)

  对于这道雅思阅读题即使同学不认识“undervalued”这个词,也可以通过“in spite of”(虽然…但是)推导出前后两者的关系应该是相反的(与importance意思相反,表示不重要,低估),所以答案是“vi. why our sense of smell is not appreciated”, “undervalued”与“not appreciated”同义替换。

  表转折的逻辑关系词:but, however, yet, in contrast, on the contrary, whereas ,nonetheless, nevertheless, while, whilst, although, despite, in spite of, whereas, alternatively, even though and even if etc.

  5. 条件

  选择题:According to the introduction, we become aware of the importance of smell when __(剑8 T2 P3-Q33)

  定位原文:We breathe in the aromas which surround us without being consciously aware of their importance to us. It is only when the faculty of smell is impaired for some reason that we begin to realize the essential role the sense of smell plays in our sense of well-being.

  这道雅思阅读题一些同学会误选D. we are surrounded by odors。问题要求的是表条件when, 定位到原文应该是when the faculty of smell is impaired(损坏)…, 所以答案应该选C. our ability to smell is damaged.

  表条件的逻辑关系词:if, unless, when, whenever, granted that…., provided that…, given that.. and only etc.

  6. 并列

  摘要题填空:Professor Pretty concludes that … . He feels this would help to change the attitude of both ______ and ______.(剑7 T2 P2-Q26)

  定位原文:It could go a long way, he says, to shifting consumers as well as farmers towards a more sustainable system of agriculture.

  如果同学们不知道shift的同义词是change, 可根据原文并列关系词as well as与问题并列词both…and同义替换,所以答案是consumers and farmers。

  摘要题填空:In Britain, moreover, scientists worried that English had neither the _______ nor _______ to express their ideas.(剑5 T2 P3-Q30)

  定位原文:English was not well equipped to deal with scientific argument. First, it lacked the necessary technical vocabulary. Second, it lacked the grammatical resources required to represent the world in an objective and impersonal way.

  “neither...nor”与原文“first…second”表并列,根据问题,答案应该是名词:technical vocabulary nor grammatical resources。

  表并列的逻辑关系词:and, not only… but also, neither…nor, in addition, coupled with, also, too, as well as, equally important, additionally, first—second—third…, on the one hand-on the other hand and together with etc.

  7. 比较

  判断题:Johnson has become more well known since his death.(剑5 T1 P1-Q9)

  定位原文:Dr Samuel Johnson, the very model of an eighteenth-century literary man, as famous in his own time as in ours.

  原文中的意思是一样有名(as…as),所以答案是FALSE。

  判断题:Government handouts do more damage than tourism does to traditional patterns of food-gathering.(剑5 T4 P1-Q9)

  原文定位:Tourism is not always the culprit behind such changes. All kinds of wage labor, or government handouts, tend to undermine traditional survival systems.

  原文中没有出现表示比较级类似的词,所以答案是NOT GIVEN。

  表比较的逻辑关系词:as…as, the same…as, unlike, like, resemble, compare to and than etc.

  以上,朗阁海外考试研究中心的专家对雅思阅读中出现的逻辑关系词考点进行的归纳总结,希望同学们熟练掌握各类逻辑关系词,即使在考场上面对生词时也能应对自如。

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