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学会在雅思口语中巧借托福口语内容(下)

时间:2015-11-10 17:15  作者:济南朗阁  来源:朗阁海外考试研究中心  

摘要:在雅思口语中,对于很多题目,尤其是第二部分的题目,并不是所有的学生都会有题目中提到的经历。其实,我们可以灵活地改变一下思路,把新托福口语的部分内容借鉴过来,让雅思口语的内容瞬间丰富起来。

  朗阁海外考试研究中心 吴艳

  在上一篇中,我们通过“借东西”这个雅思口语话题为大家讲解了在雅思口语中借鉴托福口语内容的方法,下面我们将更为深入的为大家讲解,来加深同学们的理解。

  我们来看下面的设备出问题的话题,也可以在新托福口语中找到对应的思路。

  Describe a problem with an equipment you had.

  (man) Hey, Jennifer. How are things going?

  (woman) Well, I’m relieved this is the end of semester. But that’s actually part of my problem.

  (man) What do you mean?

  (woman) Can you believe this? My computer broke yesterday. So it’s at the shop being repaired. It won’t be ready until the end of next week which is when all my papers are due.

  (man) Why not use the computer lab? They’ve got lots of machines there.

  (woman) I know. But it gets so noisy there that I can’t keep my mind on my work. I mean, when I’m at a computer, I’m not just typing. I’m thinking! So I need quiet to concentrate.

  (man) Maybe you can try going in the morning or evening. It might be less noisy then.

  (woman) Maybe. But this time of year, everybody’s working on papers. It could be crowded even then.

  (man) Hmm. What about calling back the computer repair shop to see if they can have your computer ready at the beginning of next week instead? That would still give you enough time to finish your papers by the end of the week.

  (woman) Oh! I haven’t thought of that! The only problem is the shop is closed today and tomorrow for the long holiday weekend. So it’ll be a few days before I can talk to them.

  设备坏了这个思路也是比较难答的,因为同学们要么没有经历过设备坏了的情况,要么是感觉设备坏了,去修理这个思路太简单,没话说。我们看看上文,可以得到一些启发:电脑坏了,维修商店下周末才能修理好,但是到时候就来不及使用电脑来写论文了。之后经历的困难也可以说:学校的计算机房很吵,而且很拥挤;打电话找维修商店,却要等两天才能联系上。再后面的经历就要自己发挥了,因为新托福口语中并未给出之后的结果,这种题型是开放式的结尾,但在雅思中,我们就要把结果顺理成章地描述出来了,比如:最终借了同学的电脑(可以结合借东西的那个题目),很感激这位同学;或者,维修店提早完成了维修,我能够使用自己的电脑了。这样,设备坏的内容就丰富了许多。

  对于下面这道题,我们主要可以借鉴前面的部分:电视或新闻上得到的好消息,可以是像下面这位同学一样,得到了一个获奖的消息。

  Describe a piece of good news on TV or Internet.

  (man) Hey, Madison, what’s wrong?

  (woman) Oh, I’m just struggling about what to do? I won an award from the Pacific Journalism Institute for an article I submitted, and…

  (man) Doesn’t sound like anything’s wrong.

  (woman) Well, it’s a huge honor to win and there’s an award ceremony they’ve invited me to attend which I am super excited about. But, and here’s what’s frustrating, I’ve got a philosophy exam that scheduled to end right when the ceremony begins.

  (man) Uh oh! You’re saying you’ll just be finishing up taking the exam right when the ceremony starts?

  (woman) Exactly!

  (man) But those ceremonies never start on time, they give long introductions, you know, after a general speech or something before they ever get to handing out awards. I’m sure they won’t be ready to hand out your award right at the beginning. Just go when you’re done with the test. You won’t miss anything important.

  (woman) Maybe, but that’s a bit risky. I don’t want to miss being there when they announce my name.

  (man) Well, have you talked to your professor about this?

  (woman) Dr. Forester? No.

  (man) Maybe she’ll let you take the test some other time……

  我们来看蓝色部分:在网上得到好消息可以是获奖的内容,还有就是被邀请参加获奖的颁奖典礼,后面的内容我们可以适当地借鉴,但是无法完全使用了,可以在自己的答案中设置一些去参加颁奖典礼的困难,时间冲突,但是再后面的内容就要自己发挥了。

  再来看看有偿工作这道题目:

  Describe a paid job you took.

  Starting this year, the university dining hall will be transformed into The Campus Dining Club for one week at the end of each semester.During the last week of each semester, the dining hall will feature special meals prepared by the university’s culinary arts students. The school feels that this will give students who are studying cooking and food preparation valuable experience that will help them later, when they pursue careers. The university has announced that it will charge a small additional fee for these dinners in order to pay for the special gourmet food ingredients that will be required.

  (woman) Did you see that article?

  (man) Yeah, and it sounds like a great idea. It’s really good for students in that program.

  (woman) Don’t they cook in class anyway?

  (man) Well, yeah, they do. But, my cousin was in the program a few years ago, and she said that it’s very different to cook for a lot of people in that kind of atmosphere than to cook for classmates.

  (woman) Why is that?

  (man) Well, in class you can take your time, but, cooking for more people, there’s more pressure, I mean, you’re in a rush, people are waiting and it might be easy to make a mistake with all that stress.

  (woman) Then I’ll think you are a bad chef, right?......

  我们可以把这道题目的思路设置为:我曾经学过一些烹饪的技术,下个学期开始,学校食堂可以让学过烹饪的学生在食堂做饭,并且付给学生工资报酬,这项工作不仅可以让我挣到钱,更可以积累一些经验,让我体会到在实际操作中像真正的厨师一样,压力比较大,积累经验,以后可以找到更好的工作。如果大家担心具体做饭的内容不会描述的话,我们可以看下面一个思路,这个更适合学生们来回答。

  The business studies department at State University will now require all students enrolled in its program to complete one semester of work experience in a local corporation or small business. It is felt that students will benefit from this work experience by developing leadership and organizational skills that would not normally be learned in a classroom or campus setting.Furthermore, the relationships that students establish with the company that they work for may help them to secure permanent employment with that company once they have completed the program and graduated.

  这是新托福口语第三题的reading部分,我们可以使用蓝色部分,参加的是学校要求的项目,学生可以有偿实习,学习一些经验,比如领导力、组织能力、沟通能力等等,在对应的听力部分还讲了学生在公司办公室做了一些工作(typing, photocopying, filing), 还可以讲讲这份工作的好处,自己的感想等内容。

  下面还有一个图书馆的例子,在对话中,有提到图书馆中的设施,而且比较具体,因此我们可以借鉴使用:

  Describe a place for study or read.

  Man: They’re making a mistake.

  Woman: What do you mean?

  Man: Look, they’re trying to do away with distractions so that we can study better. But with this change, we won’t have anywhere in the library to get together to work on group projects.

  Woman: True. Group project work is common these days.

  Man: So, instead of buying these new units, they should use the money to build meeting rooms, and that would reduce any noise in the main library areas.

  Woman: Yeah, that’s what we could really use. There’s just not as much need to work in isolation.

  Man: Exactly. And the other thing is, what’s this about overcrowding? Well, sure we have more students enrolled in the university this year, but do we really have a problem with overcrowding?

  Woman: I don’t think so. I always get a whole table to myself.

  Man: Right. I see empty tables there all the time. It’ll just be a waste of money to replace what we have. Since what we have now is sufficient for the amount of students that use the library.

  在这个例子中,我们可以看到,图书馆中的设施有cubicle(在口语的阅读部分有提到),还有multipersonal desks, 还有meeting room, 重点是meeting rooms可以被用来做小组讨论,而cubicle可以隔离开学生们,减少噪音,便于学生自己做作业。这些内容都是我们可以在雅思口语中使用的。此外,新托福中有很多关于图书馆的介绍,比如图书馆的书籍在什么位置,图书管理员的工作具体内容,学生可以在图书馆实习,借阅规定和罚款制度等等,这些都是可以在雅思口语中使用的。

  在以上的各个例子中,我们可以看出,雅思口语和新托福口语有很多相通的部分,如果能相互借鉴,相互套用,备考就变得容易了许多。在平时的雅思备考中,很多题目是雅思考生不太熟悉,或者自身没有亲身经历过的,因此要学会借鉴和发挥其他内容。

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