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轻松应对雅思写作犯罪类话题(上)

时间:2015-11-06 11:49  作者:济南朗阁  来源:朗阁海外考试研究中心  

摘要:很多同学都十分头疼雅思写作中的犯罪类话题,觉得很陌生又无话可说。今天小编就为大家带来“犯罪类话题”的考察,通过考察要求和应对方案这两个角度来解构一下这块难啃的硬骨头。

  朗阁海外考试研究中心 周智勇

  在雅思写作的考试中,犯罪类话题有点像“最熟悉的陌生人”,称它“熟悉”是因为除了在小作文中偶尔亮个相之外,每年大作文中都有三到四次的考察频率,并不算特别冷门;而说它“陌生”是因为在考生族群绝大多数是学生的大背景下,犯罪似乎是一个离考生们的生活稍微有那么一点儿距离的话题。那么为了避免在考场上出现“你不问我就不谈,你问了我就认栽”的尴尬状况,甚至很多考生表示在看到该类话题的一瞬间就有了重新报考下一场考试的念头,笔者今天就稍微整理一下雅思写作对于“犯罪类话题”的考察,通过考察要求和应对方案这两个角度来解构一下这块难啃的硬骨头。

  下面,我们先来看一下雅思写作犯罪类话题的考察要求。

  一、考察要求

  在这样一个大数据时代,明确雅思写作考试对于“犯罪类话题”的考察要求的最佳方式莫过于回顾一下历年的真题,在众多的真题中找到一点官方出题的规律,让数据讲实话。

  20080112: Some people think the best way of reducing crime is to give longer prison sentences. Others, however, think there are other better ways to reduce crime. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

  20080918: Some people think sending criminals to prison is not an effective way to deal with them. Education and job training are better. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

  20090917: Some people think that all the lawbreakers should be sent into the jail, while others believe that they should also be made to do some work or learn some skills in the community. What is your opinion?

  20100130: Many people believe that today there is a general increase in anti-social behaviors and lack of respect for others. What might have caused this situation? How to improve it?

  20100804: In many parts of the world children and teenagers are committing more crimes. What are the causes and how should they be punished?

  20110122: Today there is a great increase in anti-social behaviors and lack of respect to others. What are the causes of this? Who should take responsibility for dealing with it?

  20110820: Some people believe that if police force carries guns, this encourages higher levels of violence in that society. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  20120512: Today prison is the most common solution for crime. But some people think that it would be a more effective way to provide them with better education to prevent them from becoming criminals. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  20121103: Many people are afraid to leave home because of crimes. Some people believe that more action should be taken to prevent crimes, but others feel little can be done. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

  20130216: Some people think all lawbreakers should be sent to prison, while others believe that there are better alternatives. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

  20131109: Some people believe that young people who commit serious crimes should be punished in the same way as adults. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  20140607: Some people believe that if the police force carries guns, it would encourage a higher level of violence in the society. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  20140802: In many parts of the world, children and teenagers are committing more crimes, what are the causes? How should these young criminals to be punished.

  20141108: Some people think most crimes are the result of circumstances like poverty and other social problems. Others believe that they are caused by people who are bad in nature. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

  20150425: Some people think that teenagers should be given the same punishment as adult criminals. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  20150618: In many countries, a high proportion of criminal acts are committed by teenagers. What are the causes of this phenomenon and how tosolve it.

  20150903: Many people are afraid to leave their homes because of their fear of crime. Some believe that more action should be taken to prevent crime, but others feel that little can be done. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

  从以上的例子我们不难发现,虽然讨论的是犯罪类这样一个稍显小众的话题,但是考察的方向仍然是有限并且有规律的。

  主要的四大方向有:一、罪犯的处罚方式;二、犯罪行为的原因和应对;三、青少年犯罪;四、警察配枪的问题。并且随着时间的推移,近年来针对青少年犯罪的考察更加频繁,并且有与其他话题跨界及合并的趋势。所以同学们平时在雅思备考时可以从思路和词汇两个方面入手,找准题目的切入口并且储备一定量的相关词汇,这样就能从容应对这类话题了。

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