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谈谈雅思学术类议论文结尾的新与旧(下)

时间:2015-10-29 15:50  作者:济南朗阁  来源:朗阁海外考试研究中心  

摘要:最近在看一些雅思写作考试作文时发现,传统雅思议论文结尾出现了很多变化。那么我们应该如何来应对这些变化那?快跟小编来看看吧~

     上一篇我为大家讲了在雅思写作中学术类议论文结尾的传统写法,下面我们再来看看它的新写法。

  二、新写法中需要增加的写作要素

  在新的雅思学术类议论文结尾的写法中,我们可以增加的写作元素包括:原因,条件等,换言之,在给出自己的观点后,我们可以继续通过其他方式来深化主题,从而达到更好的表达效果,为作文增光添彩。首先我们来看一个例子:

  Therefore, in spite of some opposition, I still feel that charging visitors abroad a higher fee should continue to be implemented in some developing countries, especially in those very poor nations in Africa and Asia. Meanwhile, I wish the local governments would use the money sensibly to help the residents and protect their beautiful land and precious historical sites. Only by doing so will international tourism contribute to a win-win result.

  这个结尾前面部分都采用了传统的写法,即回顾,提出观点和展望。但是在最后一个句子里,作者增加了一个条件,采用了倒装句的方式,这样做的好处在于在展望的基础上继续深化了题干的主题,当地政府通过收取海外游客更高的费用来促进自身经济发展,这种做法作者是支持的,而最后这个条件的设定则延伸到了国际旅游的积极意义上。

  Accordingly, I am in favor of the view that women should be given the equal rights to do whatever they like just as men and they should be allowed to join army, the navy, and the air force because they are really suited.

  这个雅思作文结尾的题目讲的是女性是否应该参军或者加入警察队伍。在结束部分,作者增加了一个原因,而这个原因其实并不需要在前面的主体段中提及,只是放在最后表达了作者个人的情感因素,从而增加文章的感情色彩,因此也不失为一个好的方法。

  Striking a work-life balance isn't a one-shot deal. Creating balance in our life is a continuous process. But balance doesn't mean doing everything. Therefore, we need to examine our priorities and set boundaries and be firm in what we can and cannot do. Only we can restore harmony to our lifestyle.

  这是一个分析解决型的雅思大作文的结尾,从划线的二个句子来看,前者描述了为什么短期内平衡工作和生活不是件容易的事情;而后者则给出了条件,即事在人为。从这个例子中,我们得到的启发是将原因和条件这二个“新”元素和其他三个传统要素相融合,不是机械式地按部就班,而是灵活地根据结尾原来设定好的意思穿插在其中。这样使得表达效果就更好了。

  Tobacco should be made illegal, I agree with this idea personally. I hope most drugs can be made illegal, because, as far as I know, they are bad to our health. However, currently most countries still keep it free to use tobacco, and this situation seems to be very hard to change in a short time.

  同样的方法可以从这个结尾段中看到,作者在表达自己的立场后马上给出了一个原因,而这个原因不是之前提到过的,而是带有作者自己明显的感情色彩。因此,我们一开始在结尾段中增加原因这个要素时,可先从观点句后写起,慢慢再进行顺序的变化。

  Certainly, medical care and education both play dominant roles, but building theaters and sports stadiums will benefit not only the individual both mentally and physically, but a nation and continent permanently because they lead to a healthy lifestyle both mentally and physically.

  这个结尾段将观点和展望结合在了一个句子里面,作者通过最后一句原因的描述,很好地补充了政府投资体育设施和艺术文化设施的深远影响,从而深化了主题。

  通过上述几个简单的例子,我们已经对于雅思议论文结尾的新写法有了一个比较全面的认识,在实施这套写法时,首先我们需要用传统的三个写作要素去构思结尾的整个意思,然后将原因和条件各选一个意思插入结尾段的整个意思中去,这时候,原来的三个要素中,我们可能需要去掉一二个,比如去掉回顾观点对立面的部分或者去掉展望或建议,也可以保留传统的三个要素。总之,在写的时候需要多花1-2分钟整体构思下结尾的意思,方可动笔写。

  ● In conclusion, real public museums will never be replaced by the Internet, as computer technology is just a supplementary mean to cope museums offer better services to the public.

  ● In most societies, people with competitive spirit are more determined to do more and achieve more while businesses are obliged to learn to become increasingly efficient. Thus, competition is really an essential power to move society ahead, as if by an invisible hand. This is because ultimately, competition is good as it sets goals for people and fills the social environment with excitement.

  ● After all, greed being a human instinct, consumers have only themselves to blame for their foolishness toward advertisements. Since outlawing commercial advertising is out of the question, people should educate themselves to be more prudent in buying and spending behaviors. As for consumers, what better measures can be taken to protect themselves other than self-control?

  ● The point is that sending criminals to prison is effective, if only by moving them away from the community. On the other hand, to regard prison education as an effective "punishment" is simply wishful-thinking, in view of relevant evidence that underlies recidivism. In all events, education provides opportunities, however limited, but it depends on the way those repeat offenders see these opportunities, the rest being pure guessing.

  ● It becomes clear that governments should not only provide funding for scientific research but also support experimental development for "non-scientific" research, since both kinds of research are essential to society in progress. Accordingly, it is always good to remember that research for physics, chemistry and biology carries more weight and usually deserves more public money; nevertheless, it is also important not to forget research for less useful subjects.

  考生在写雅思议论文结尾时,可以将传统写法和新写法融会贯通。充分利用两种写法,会为自己的雅思作文结尾增色不少。

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