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雅思口语技巧之--雅思口语抽象话题之法律

时间:2015-01-23 18:42  作者:jnlongre  来源:未知  

摘要:雅思口语中会经常涉及一些不是很常见的话题,对于该类话题,考生们应该针对这一类型的话题进行一些了解和练习。本文中,济南朗阁雅思培训名师为考生分享雅思口语抽象话题之法律。

  雅思口语中会经常涉及一些不是很常见的话题,对于该类话题,考生们应该针对这一类型的话题进行一些了解和练习。本文中,济南朗阁雅思培训名师为考生分享雅思口语抽象话题之法律。
Describe a good law in your country.
You should say:
what the law is
how you first learned about this law
who benefits from this law (or, who is affected by this law)
and explain why you think this is a good law.
 
  关于law的话题(a new law or a good law)在近两年的各次考试当中出现频率是比较高的,这个同时也是让很多考生感觉头疼的话题。
 
  首先,很多考生本身对法律不熟,能用中文去解释一项法律都做不到,更不用说用英文来描述了。毕竟中国现代法律的发展和健全比西方晚了很多,所以很多考生对法律的陌生是可以理解的。但是这种想法限制了我们的思维,使考生们先入为主地认为自己不可能回答好这一个话题,这种想法在口语回答过程中是不可取的。毕竟每个人无法对所有的话题都有深入的了解,但这并不意味着遇到生僻抽象的话题就会得低分。那么,对于这样一个既抽象又生僻的话题,考生们应该如何应对呢?朗阁海外考试研究中心的专家来给你支招。
 
一、如何理解题目
 
  提到法律,很多考生第一感觉是类似于宪法、劳动法、刑法等很庄严、涵盖范围很广的法律。如果按这种思路来准备这个话题的话,确实会受自己有限知识量以及专业词汇不足的限制。
 
  其实law到底是什么,韦氏高阶英语词典的解释是:
 
1A. The whole system or set of rules made by the government of a town, state, country, etc.
 
B. A particular kind of law.
 
2A rule made by the government of a town, state, country, etc.
 
  从以上定义可以看出,a law可以是一系列的或者单项的法律或法则,可以是国家、州、城市制定的。所以考生们可参考的范围就扩大了,既可以是宪法这样的大法,也可以是合同法、移民法、专利法等相对比较单项的法,更可以是当地政府制定的某些政策法规,例如独生子女政策、房屋限购政策、限制环境污染政策等。
 
以下的法律名称可以供大家选择和参考:
 
New Labor law 新劳动法
Traffic Laws 交通法
Environmental Protection law 环境保护法
Taxation law 税务法
New plastic-bags standards 塑料袋使用规定
One Child Policy 独生子女政策
Anti-smoking Law 禁烟法
 
二、如何组织语言
 
  选好了描述哪个法律之后,接下来就要回答“What the law is”这个问题。对于广大非法律专业的考生来说,不需要很深入的描述,只需要回答法律颁布或实施时间、主要内容以及颁布的主要目的就可以了。
 
Ø  New plastic-bags standards 塑料袋使用规定
New plastic-bags standards went to effect from June, 2008. New standards forbid supermarkets and shops from handing out colorized plastic bags. Authorities say those bags are mainly made of wasted plastics which will pollute the environment. The standards also have other industrial requirements. For example, plastic bags should have a thickness of no less than 0.025 millimeter, so that they can be reused. Enterprises fail to conform to standards will face severe punishment.
 
Ø  Anti-smoking Law 禁烟法
Anti-smoking Law became effective in May, 2011. It bans tobacco smoking in workplaces and other public spaces in door. The health consequences of the tobacco epidemic are very serious in China and smoking has become the top killer of the Chinese population. Our government is working on making all public spaces—including work sites and transportation options—tobacco-free for the well-being of Chinese citizens.
 
Ø  New labour law 新劳动法
The new law greatly limits the use of short-term contracts. The new law allows employers to assign only two consecutive fixed-term contracts. After that the employer must offer the employee an open-ended contract.
The law imposes severe restrictions on the use of probationary periods in the employment relationship. Probationary periods are permitted, but the length is limited. Furthermore, an employee can only be subject to a single probationary period by a single employer. Wages during the probationary period must also be no less than 80% of the contract wage.
 
三、法律带来的好处
 
至于法律带来的好处,可以是对整个社会带来的效益,也可以是对个人以及某些社会团体带来的意义,甚至是对我们的地球、环境带来的好处。
 
Ø  New plastic-bags standards 塑料袋使用规定:
China's new standard is to change consumers' shopping habits. If everyone can use just one plastic bag a day, he or she can save around 300 bags a year. And that would mean as much as a 2-thirds reduction in the use of plastic bags for the entire country. Mainly aimed at protecting the environment. Stop the "White pollution".
 
Ø  Road Traffic Safety Law道路交通安全法:
It has been rightly said that when a man is sitting behind a steering wheel, his car becomes the extension of his personality. Drunken driving may cause traffic accident and death. Strictly abide by traffic law will guarantee a safe driving. Only Stricter Traffic Laws Can Prevent Accidents. The strict law about road traffic safety helps creating a safe, harmonious, orderly and convenient traffic environment through which the happiness of people can be improved.
 
Ø  One Child Policy独生子女政策:
The one child policy is an effective way of reducing the population of China, which is one of the largest one all over the world. Limiting the growth of population is favorable to economic growth. It can also release the burden of protecting the environment. One-child policy has helped the fight against global warming by avoiding 300 million births. That means, without one child policy in China, we can hardly have the chance to enjoy all the affluence and living comfort we enjoy now.
 
Ø  New labor law 新劳动法:
Chinese workers are increasingly aware of their rights. These laws seem more favorable to workers. The New labor law has been actively publicized and employees are well informed about their rights under the new law, trying to redress the balance of power between workers and employers. For example, mines and construction sites have been getting a lot of attention for several years now. Workers were clearly being abused. All of this represented a source of social instability, and I think they just decided they couldn't afford it. So they decided to get at one root cause: the lack of contracts. Implementation and enforcement are traditionally the weakest points of labor law in China.
  本期为考生提供的是最常用的一部分话题,考生一定要认真研读好好掌握哦!

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