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雅思写作Task2段落如何使用论证法?

时间:2014-03-12 15:21  作者:wendy  来源:未知  

摘要:雅思写作中常用到许多方法进行段落论证,例如:列举法、实例法、对比法、因果法、让步法、定义法、类比法等。这些论证方法几乎是众所周知的,然而众多考生对这些论证方法的应用确是一知半解。针对这种情况,朗阁名师今天分享雅思Task 2 写作时实例论证法在写

雅思写作中常用到许多方法进行段落论证,例如:列举法、实例法、对比法、因果法、让步法、定义法、类比法等。这些论证方法几乎是众所周知的,然而众多考生对这些论证方法的应用确是一知半解。针对这种情况,济南雅思培训学校朗阁名师今天分享雅思Task 2 写作时实例论证法在写作中的应用,给众多考生提供一个复习的思路。


一、现状:


雅思考官在评判一篇大作文时,除了看文章的结构和语言之外,还很重视这篇文章的主体内容。而中国考生在写essay时常见的问题恰恰是考前准备了语言,临场读懂了题目,很快形成了观点,但是却不知该从哪些角度来支持自己的thesis statement。所以主体段落观点单调,思维陈旧,内容空洞,为凑足字数而把一个观点写了再写,这些问题常常会充斥在文章中。


二、如何做?


雅思大作文的主体段是整篇雅思作文的核心,在这个部分大家可以应用实例论证的写作方法,这样既可以增加字数,也有说服力,是非常实用的写作方法。下面济南朗阁的专家就通过两个例子来为大家更加清晰地介绍一下这个方法。


1)第一种应用实例论证的写作方法就是应用名人或国家实例,因为这是大家都知道的事情,能够引起共鸣。


It is generally accepted that the majority of leaders qualify perseverance. Typical example is Nelson Mandela, who was the south black political leader and former president, was awarded 1993 Nobel Peace for his efforts to antiracism and antiapartheid. In spite of more than a quarter century of imprisonment, he still dedicates his life for the human rights and racial equality. Another case is Mother Teresa, who was the winner of the Nobel Peace, devoted the majority of her life to helping the poor in India although she was exposed to diverse adversities.


在这个雅思大作文主体中,引用了曼德拉和特丽莎的事迹来加以论证。他们是家喻户晓的人物,而且黑人权利和穷人的生活与权力的改善和提高也是大家都知晓的。通过这个例子来说明在适当的时候学会坚持是很有说服力的。在举例时,最好选择一些大家都知晓的,这样才能更有说服力。


2)第二种雅思写作方法就是应用考生自己的亲身经历来加以论证。

Admittedly, there is one major reason why people fail to balance their life and work. Modern communication technology seems to be primary culprit. At present, I frequently bring the work home, sending emails to my employers related to work placement or proposals; similarly, working as a surgeon, my father regularly supervises relevant emergent cases via mobile phones when he is on a vacation.


在这个雅思大作文主体中,在提出主题句后,先是加以论述,然后用回到家和度假作为例子。用自己的亲身经历和感受来论证人们不能平衡工作和生活的关系,这样的论证非常鲜活。


3)还可以运用自己的观察进行举实例论证。


Unquestionably, it is advertising that gives general public access to two major strengths related to their life. The optimal facet is that practical information is available to populace with different age groups. Take tourism packing as a specific case, the graying population are likely to make wise decision where to travel thanks to diverse publicity on the advertising. Similarly, thanks to advertising, the youth tend to have access to their appealing digital products, like mobile phones, cameras… Luckily, mid-aged migrant workers seem to seek for their ideal jobs attributing to recruiting advertising. Another possibility is that its educational function. A case in point is the publicity related to wildlife protection. Watching such public service advertisement, audiences are likely to refuse to enjoy shark fin soap or wear clothes made from endangered species. Likewise, touched by images exposed on TV, general public may regularly visit their parents, showing filial piety towards them.


以上就是关于实例论证的雅思大作文主体部分的写作方法的内容,大家可以在平时自己搜集一些相关的名人事迹或是自己身边的相关的有代表性的事情,这样就可以在雅思大作文主体部分的写作中进行应用了。


另外,济南朗阁的专家还为大家整理了另一个雅思大作文高分技巧——对比。对比是雅思大作文写作中的高分方法,因为使用对比可以突出主题,也可以使文章更为吸引人。对比方法在雅思大作文写作中的应用很多,可以把对比应用在事例中,也可以应用在顺序中。


1)通过比较和对比方式来论证,这样两个事的利弊就非常明显。


Unquestionably, electronic media is the fastest. A case in point is that a large number of rescue teams around China instantly rushed to the tunnel suffered from severe mudslide in Sichuan province within an hour when information was covered on the Tencent internet, while such coverage on the newspapers seems to be accessible to relevant sectors the next day.


2)通过现在与过去的对比方式,所写对象的特征就显而易见了。


Admittedly, remarkable transitions have occurred to WUXI. The outstanding facet seems to refer to its environment around the neighborhood. In the past, silt and debris used to be dumped by citizens, resulting in smelly rivers and streams, especially in the rural area. At present, however, with charming vegetation and greening area surrounded, living surrounding has been perfectly promoted. Another important transition is that public transport is pretty convenient. Years ago, buses frequency was so extremely low that the vast majority of people were accustomed to driving. On the contrary, not only has municipal government in WUXI launches the vast sum on the shuttle buses, subways or taxis, but also the publicity on the preferential policies motivates citizens to opt for eco-friendly means of transport.


这篇雅思大作文写作的内容是对周边环境发生变化进行论证。对比点是:以前居住环境的脏和臭,而变化后有了绿化和居民环保意识的改变,使得环境得以改变的事实。应用这样的雅思大作文写作方法,段落的主题句能够得到有力的论证。


以上就是雅思大作文写作的两种写作方法的介绍,考生根据上面的例子可以看出,这两个论证方法在雅思大作文写作中是非常有用的并且是最常用的,往往能起到非常关键的点题作用。因此,考生在考试时可以多运用这两种论证方法,如果有能力的活也可以多种方法综合运用,达到最好的效果。当然,平常写作过程中也要多多运用,才能在考试中熟练应用,拿高分!

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