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雅思听力选择题技巧解读(下)

时间:2013-05-08 14:10  作者:济南朗阁  来源:济南雅思培训学校  

摘要:雅思听力中的选择题型包括单选题,多选题与配对题,是两大基本题型之一(另一为填空题型).一些刚接触雅思的烤鸭们会觉得单选题比填空题简单,因为至少有33%的正确率

  三、黯然销魂型
 
  黯然销魂型的选择题是所有烤鸭的噩梦,它的出现往往伴随着无数声叹息,这种令人绝望和无助的题目指的是题目和选项长且难的选择题,考生必须在几秒内读懂题目以及选项的区别,与此同时还要根据录音判断出正确的选项。这几乎就是对人类的摧残,那么我们将如何面对它,破解它的饿狼传说呢?济南朗阁雅思培训学校的老师将为考生们提供对策。
 
  (1)抓关键词
 
  例七:Cambridge 5 Test 3 Section 2 Question 17
  What does the speaker say about university accommodation on campus?
  A. Most places are given to undergraduates.
  B. No places are available for postgraduates with families.
  C. A limited number of places are available for new postgraduates.
  读题:题目中找到关键词accommodation on campus.
 
  选项ABC中的undergraduates, postgraduates with families和new postgraduates分别是三个选项的名词主体,可以帮助区分选项;另外,most, no和limited分别是对三个名词主体进行限定的形容词,可以成为选项对错判断的依据。
 
  录音:One or two of you touched on the subject of accommodation earlier, so I’ll just add a few point. It is the university’s policy to give priority in the allocation of residence places to three categories, and those are, visiting students, exchange students and new postgraduate students. However, demand exceeds supply, so there’s still a need to put your name down early for campus accommodation, particularly, if your family is accompanying you.
 
  解析:最初出现的accommodation帮助定位。随后,new postgraduate students引导视线到C选项,在听到demand exceeds supply并进行同意转换后,确定C是正确答案(供不应求就是limited的意思)。后面,出现干扰内容:if your family is accompanying you, 调整视线到B选项,但根据选项中的形容词no可以判断B的内容与录音不符(录音中强调的是有家庭成员陪同位置就更有限,B选项说的是有陪同就没位置),因此B是一个干扰项。
 
  (2)排除选项
 
  排除选项是听力的另一种主要方法,三个选项中有两个有明显的互相干扰,即干扰性组合,则另一个选项可以暂时排除。
  例八:Cambridge 5 Test 3 Section 2 Question 20
  With regard to their English, the speaker advises that students to
  A. tell their lecturers if they have problems understanding.
  B. have private English lessons when they arrive.
  C. practice their spoken English before they arrive.
 
  预测:BC选项存在明显互相干扰作用,一个是到英国后加强英语,一个是来英国前加强英语;关键词分别划在when和before来进行区分,同时可以先排除A。
 
  录音:One or two of you ask earlier about your level of spoken English, obviously most of you have already achieved a lot, I wish I could speak your language half as well. Having said that though, I’m afraid the lecturers will make little or no allowance for the presence of non-native speakers in the audience, so anything you can do to improve your spoken English, even beyond the pretty high level most of you have already reached will make your stay with us that bit more fun for you. Some extra practice before you arrive is worth more than, for example, private lessons afterwards when you won’t really have time.
 
  解析:通过最后一句Some extra practice before you arrive is worth more than, for example, private lessons afterwards… 可判断正确答案为C, 录音通篇未提A, 这是因为这样的选项组合出题意图就在于用BC来进行干扰,如果答案为A则不能利用到BC的干扰作用,无法达到出题目的。
 
 
  四、特殊题型技巧
 
  数字型技巧
  恋“B”情节
  Cambridge 4 test 2 Q19
  The number of students counselled by the service last year was
  A. 214
  B. 240
  C. 2600
  答案B
 
  Cambridge 4 Test 4 Q37
  The average number of sharks caught in nets each year is 
  A. 15
  B. 150
  C. 1500
  答案 B
 
  Cambridge 6 Test4 Q31
  When did Asiatic lions develop as a separate sub-species
  A. about 10000 years ago
  B. about 100000years ago
  C. about 1000000 years ago
  答案 B
 
  Cambridge 6 Test4 Q33
  Asiatic lions disappeared from Europe
  A. 2500 years ago
  B. 2000 years ago
  C. 1900 years ago
  答案 B
 
  济南朗阁雅思培训学校通过对剑桥真题的统计,发现数字题有70-80%选B。这可以理解为是一种巧合,也可以理解为因为数字题的选项在录音中一般都是正序出现的,上来在A的时候就给你正确答案不现实,最后在C处才给你正确答案又太变态,所以一般会选中间选项B作为正确答案,而在其前后即AC选项中设置陷阱,符合一般“正常”人的思维逻辑。

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