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雅思听力填空题三步走战略

时间:2012-09-26 09:41  作者:济南朗阁  来源:济南雅思培训学校  

摘要:有经验的”烤鸭”都知道,雅思听力题型中,填空题是占比例最高的题型,固有”得填空题者得天下”的说法。实际上,填空题也是考生最容易拿分的题型.想考到7分以上的高分,ection1和section2中的填空题应该尽量做到不错才行.么,于section3和section4中的填空题,

 有经验的”烤鸭”都知道,雅思听力题型中,填空题是占比例最高的题型,固有”得填空题者得天下”的说法。实际上,填空题也是考生最容易拿分的题型。若想考到7分以上的高分,section1和section2中的填空题应该尽量做到不错才行。那么,对于section3和section4中的填空题,应该注意哪些问题呢?朗阁济南雅思听力培训学校将分三步帮助广大考生攻克这一问题。


  一、Prediction
  提前读题对于哪一类题型都是至关重要的。对于后两个section的填空题,提前读题会起到战略指导作用,所谓预测,在这里就是指关注空前后的词,判断所填空的词性及含义。


  E.g. 剑八test2
  The benefit of this research is that the result is more ____ than searching for live Asian bees.
  此处空前是比较级,所以空处一定是填形容词。

  E.g. They collect the pellets and take them to a ____ for analysis.
  此处空前有冠词,所以填的一定是个名词;同时通过句义理解,得知”收集到小球带到…去研究”,所以即使没听到也应该会猜到是laboratory.

  E.g.
  Transcripts: Within this general field, surveying changes in the volume and stability of the ice-cap is vital, these may have profound effects on world sea levels and ocean currents.
  Question: Measuring changes in the ice-cap (because of effects on sea levels and ______)

  E.g Questions:
  Operating video camera.
  Working with other people:
  --learning about
  --______
  --compromising
  --______ people who have different views
  Transcript: Firstly, learned how to use a camera. And also I think I really learned a lot about working together with other people. I’ve never done anything with a group before, and we had to find ways of cooperating and compromising, and sometimes persuading people.
  本题属并列结构,雅思的并列结构中答案与题目形式趋同,因此预测25 & 26为动名词-v+ing.通过完全匹配的关键词camera & working together逐步定位,随后针对性的听取动名词cooperating & persuading.


  二、抓关键词
  每道填空题中都会出现可以用来定位重要信息的词,即关键词。如果在做题之前能够适时将这样的词划出来并加以理解,那么在做题过程中就会省力许多,而且大大提升正确率。常用关键词主要有名词,动词,形容词和副词。

  E.g. However, women are more prepared to ______ about them.
  这里出现了比较级,所以应该把more prepared to划出来,而在听力原稿中,被替换成了more willing to.

  E.g. When investing in stocks and shares, it is suggested that women should put a high proportions of their savings in ______.
  a high proportions of 在此被替换成了70%.

  E.g. Research… has involved scientists from many countries, who work together on research station. Here science and technical support have been integrated…
  scientists from many countries, who work together是前行的内容,帮助提前定位;当听到science即预判可能为答案;在听到technical support have been integrated之后,确认science为正确答案。
  此外还要注意并列结构,并列结构是很好的提示,告诉我们空缺的内容是什么词性。

  E.g. Within this general field, surveying changes in the volume and stability of the ice-cap is vital, these may have profound effects on world sea levels and ocean currents.
  本题属对称结构,and前后不但词性相同,往往内容形式也相同,因此预测答案很可能为环境方面的一个复数名词。

  E.g. Good afternoon everybody and welcome to Riverside Industrial Village…. The water and the availability of raw materials in the area, like minerals and iron ore, and also the abundance of local fuels, like coal and firewood, all made this site suitable for industry from a very early time.
  通过完全匹配的名词Riverside Village, water, raw materials & fuels来逐步定位,有针对性的听取答案为两种燃料:coal & firewood.

  E.g. Current issues of periodicals are available at both libraries, although ______ issues are only available at Fordham.
  Student: You haven’t mentioned periodicals. Are they held at both sites? Librarian: Current issues, yes but if you want to look at back issues you’ll need to use the CD-ROM databases which are held here at Fordham.


  三、Paraphrase
  同义置换是雅思听力考试的灵魂,对于填空题也是如此,这里尤其要注意空前词语的同义置换。填空题常考的同义置换主要有以下几类:

  ☆同义词或近义词
  contribute to= cause, breed, trigger, create, lead to, result in, account for, give rise to, etc.
  disadvantage= weakness, deficiency, drawback, shortcoming, flaw, defect, negative aspect, etc.
  decrease= fall, drop, abate, plunge, plunge, diminish, minimize, descend, etc.
  inadequate= insufficient, deficient, deficient, lack of, short of, etc.
  significant= crucial, enormous, dramatic, tremendous, remarkable, substantial, etc.
  circumstance= surroundings, environment, environment, background, settings, context
  focus on= concentrate on, be engrossed in, lay emphasis on, highlight, spotlight
  like= resemble, alike, identical, twin, similar
  important= essential, critical, indispensable, crucial, key, chief, significant

  ☆词性转换
  assess--assessment
  clear--clarity
  wide--width
  Europe--European
  Satisfy--satisfactory/satisfaction

  ☆逻辑关系与句式
  E.g.
  Transcripts: At that time, local craftsmen first built an iron forge just behind the village here.
  Question:
  The metal industry was established at Riverside Village by ______.
  此句中出现了主被动句的互换。Speaker的表述是主动,而卷面上的题目是被动。也就是说,卷面上出现了被动语态,考生一定要留心主动语态的出现,也就意味着宾语与主语可能位置倒置,一定要留心一开头出现的主语。

  Eg.
  Transcripts: The Antarctica is 10 times the size of UK.
  Question: More than ______ times as big as the UK.
  听力原文中,more than被替换成了over, 而后置关键词as big as the UK被替换成了the size of the UK.

  相信遵循以上朗阁济南外语培训中心介绍的雅思听力填空题三步走战略,一定会帮助有高分理想的”烤鸭”突破瓶颈。

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